Displaying (Neo) Nazi Symbols And Portraits Of Prominent Fascist Ideologues

The glorification of Nazi ideology is sometimes present on the stands of Serbian football stadiums. The supporter of the football club Rad from Belgrade in particular are known for using Nazi symbols. These “football fans” often display flags with the “Celtic cross,” the “SS Totenkopf” symbol, as well as banners with the image of Dimitrije Ljotić, a Serbian fascist politician and ideologue who established the Yugoslav National Movement (Zbor) in 1935 and collaborated with German occupation authorities during World War II.

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Displaying Nazi symbols and portraits of well-known Nazi collaborators and criminals such as Dimitrije Ljotic promotes Nazi ideology and ideas. It either denies the historical reality of the Holocaust, its extent, and character. Or, as a radical form of antisemitism, it may suggest that the Holocaust did not go far enough in accomplishing its goals of “the Final Solution of the Jewish Question,” as well as in other crimes committed by the Nazis and their collaborators.

Propagating Nazi ideas promotes antisemitism and related biases and disrespects and dismisses the victims of the Holocaust. It is hurtful, disturbing, and humiliating for the survivors, the families, and the descendants of the victims. The open display of Nazi symbols raises fear and anxiety among Jewish individuals, families, and the Jewish community.

Neo-Nazism is a global phenomenon, with organized representation in many countries and international networks. It borrows elements from the Nazi doctrine, including antisemitism, ultranationalism, racism, xenophobia, homophobia, antigypsyism, anti-communism. As exponents of far-right politics and right-wing extremism, such groups seek to revive the ideology of Nazism in whole or in part. Contemporary Neo-Nazism skillfully attracts young audiences. One of the typical platforms for promoting Neo-Nazi ideas and recruiting is among football fan groups.

References (“When the monkey cries stops, the Nazi symbols remains,” an article published on February 21, 2017 on the news portal Mondo)

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